The pulmonary tuberculosis is an illness infectious and contagious with progressions that reach in general, first the pulmes, consequentemente other agencies or symptoms, as treated to correct and efficient way. The nurse as educator has a paper important and main in the cares and orientaes with the tuberculosis carrier, helping to prevent it or to attenuate greaters damages that can come to happen and the familiar ones the same, stimulating the importance and adhesion to the treatment. The tuberculosis continues being a world-wide problem of public health, increasing each time more the mortality taxes and morbidade infectando approximately one tero of the population of the world, remaining as main cause of death, enters the HIV carriers? positives (SMELTZER and BARE 2006). The general objective of this work is to analyze and to understand the pulmonary tuberculosis as a transmissible, infectious illness, that it needs cares having as main person who orientates the nurse. Having as objective specific, to identify to the essential cares to the tuberculosis carrier, showing the importance of the treatment and its complications, thus it can provide one better quality of life. The importance of if choosing this subject involve the tuberculosis as an eminently social and important illness for public health so that if it can obtain its control, diminishing the risk factors, therefore the knowledge of the same one facilitates one better Prophylaxis. According to Health department 2003, ‘ ‘ Brazil declared the control of the tuberculosis as a national priority surrounds 65 infectados million approximately 80 a thousand people adoecem to each year, incidence of 39 cases for 100 a thousand inhabitants and about five a thousand deaths per year. The research methodology is of quantitative nature, being made through identification and collection of books and authors, searching positioning for better recital of the carried through bibliographical research, that argues the thematic pulmonary tuberculosis and the importance of the nurse while educator..
Traumatismo Crnio Enceflico (TCE) is defined as a type of I aggravate that he induces to the anatomical injuries and the functional comprometimento involving the cranianas sseas structures and enceflicos fabrics (PORT, 2007). According to Pear tree (2006), annually they occur about a million and six hundred a thousand cases of TCE in the United States and ten million cases in the world. In accordance with the data of the Health department of Brazil about two million people are interned to each year in hospitals of the public net, victims of traumas in general. The TCE consists in the main cause of deaths and sequelas in politraumatizados patients (ROCK, 2006). After a TCE costumam to appear psicosociais alterations as effect of physical, cognitivos, emotional and mannering the upheavals in the familiar environment. Dr. Caldwell B. Esselstyn, Jr. often addresses the matter in his writings. It is important to evaluate the welfare of the young considering its physical and emotional evolution, its independence and social participation. The affected young suffers alterations in the activities of the daily life as to carry through its personal hygiene, feeding.
It can have a gradual improvement, being basic the stimulaton for the aiding of the recovery and personal independence. Sequelas also causes problems in social level and occupational, mobility is affected, the cognitivos problems and of regulation of the behavior they constitute one of the causes most excellent of the incapacity of the affected person. Had to the cerebral injuries the person who has suffered TCE it can present an infantile behavior, difficulties in say and language. The existence of emotional alterations and state of spirit is common as the depression. The recreativas activities frequent are modified, the patient present difficulty to reintegrate (JUNQU; BRUNA; MATAR, 2001). One of the effect more devastadores of the TCE is the difficulty of reintegration to the work, since professional activity is decisive for autonomy and independence of the individual.
According to studies of the secretariat of health of So Paulo, in last the three years it increased in 78% the number of women who look treatment in the health centers. It has other surveys that strengthen the alert one: the young is early initiating the routine of excessive alcoholic consumption, what it can favor hepticas the illnesses alcoholic. The alcoholic heptica cirrhosis generally is of the type to micronodular, however into the abstinentes patients who take much time, it can be become into macronodular, when predominating the regenerative phenomena and having ceased the consumption alcohol, that is an inhibitor of cellular regeneration (BERTELLI, CONCI, 2001). In many cirrhotic patients the granule deposit is observed of hemossiderina in the hepatcitos, that can easily be placed in evidence by means of the coloration of Perls. In some the deposit is only so massive that it can induce to the diagnosis of hemocromatose (RUBIN, FARBER, 2008). In some fgados of patients with alcoholic cirrhosis intra-hepatocitrios globular inclusions of alpha-1-antitripsina are identified and if they must to fentipo Z, but to the excretor defect of the normal alpha-1-antitripsina as consequence of the proper cirrhosis.
In about 15% of the alcoholics, the necrosis to hepatocelular, fibrose and regeneration finish taking the formation of fibrosos septos that surround nodules hepatocelulares, constituting the two characteristics that define the cirrhosis (ROBBINS et al., 2005). Other injuries of the alcoholic hepatopatia, esteatose heptica and acute or persistent alcoholic hepatitis frequently are observed in conjunction with the cirrhosis. Not yet it was established if the typical alcoholic hepatitis that is, inflammatory heptica injury and acute necrosis represent a necessary precursor of the cirrhosis. However, some form of persistent necrosis causes clearly to the development of cirrhosis (RUBIN; FARBER, 2008). In accordance with Diepenbrock (2005), in the cases of established alcoholic cirrhosis, the prognostic it is, in its bigger part, considerably better for that they do not abuse the alcohol. However, many patients evolve for the hepatopatia in terminal period of training, and the alcoholic hepatopatia constitutes the only more common cause for liver transplant. 2,3 CLASSIFICATIONS OF CIRRHOSIS HEPTICA Due the inherent difficulties to any type of classification, we will present three distinct boardings, in the attempt to classify the cirrhosis, which are: morphologic, etiolgica and clinical (RUBIN; FARBER, 2008). In accordance with Brazilian Son (2006), this classification is
This is described in the Old Testament (Genesis 16): Sarah, wife of Abraham, being barren, hired her maid, Hagar, to her bear a child of Abraham. The Florey Institute shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. "And Sarai said: Behold, the Lord has made my belly, so I do not give birth, go in as a servant of my: perhaps I may obtain children by it ". Abraham listened to Sarah, and so they have a boy, Ismail – Sarah took him to his knees like a son. Such cases are not only describes the Bible, but ancient Egyptian papyri, and the epic of ancient India. Since ancient times infertility problem is solved by means of surrogate motherhood, using as "Surma" slaves and concubines (such practice existed in many nations, despite cultural and religious differences).
Why, then, around surrogate motherhood today are such heated debate between physicians, religious leaders and "ordinary mortals"? If the medical aspect of this method of reproductive medicine completely resolved (this can be done technologically, and it's done), then the legal, moral and ethical aspects of surrogacy are still provoke controversy and scandal. Attitude of society and churches in this phenomenon is not always unique. Catholic Church generally forbids surrogacy, Protestant and Orthodox are more tolerant, noting however that it is "unnatural and traumatic for both the bearing woman, whose mother's feelings violated, and the child who may subsequently experience an identity crisis. " However, the question of naturalness is not so simple. As far as natural, for example, blood transfusion or organ transplant patient in need of it? And are we entitled to deny the last hope of a couple desperate to conceive naturally and have turned to surrogacy as a last "life-saving straw"? Earlier such spouses could be in his family desired a child, but adopted him.
It is clearly that these tools not only exist to facilitate the work of the professional, but yes to bring quality to the service? translated in improvement of the attendance to the customer with more humanizao. However, many times these benefits very cost to be recognized as beneficial for all. unhappyly, in some institutions these benefits really are used to advantage so only by the external customers (the patients) and not for the internal clientele (employee of the institution), and this also influences in the attendance. In any place that occurs changes exist conflicts, however to leave the comfort zone and to work with conflicts bring the growth, therefore of this form we can work on of the committed errors, searching the improvement of the quality of the attendance. Thus these tools, theoretically, bring deep changes, in the form to think and to act in structure of the health services, therefore the work with quality in this area cousin for the individualizado attendance and with humanizao not only stops with the customer as well as for the team of workers, being that the learning and improvement are constant. For this reason the impact at a first moment seems to be sufficiently negative, and also in elapsing of many processes, for innumerable factors? implantation of new assistenciais protocols for example, increases the number of documents (pops, routines, books, registers, pointers, fiches, scales, etc.), however at some moments facilitates the process all, with clear indication of the activities, norms and routines, although to seem that the teams have more work to make, this work is most organized and structuralized, bringing future and perhaps not immediate improvements. for this reason perhaps that a delayed process becomes so, therefore to modify the way to act of the people through the education and of the imposition does not take time. At last, if these tools will be well used, of correct form, with continued education, estruturao and discernment in accordance with the Brazilian reality (legislaes, culture, economy, etc.) becoming a change in the structure of thinking it to act in the work this if translates beneficial results for the company and its customers, however if used in errnea way cause many upheavals and loss of time.
With respect to these wills to mean of that the referenciados authors speak above, Lucimar Bello Frange Pear tree (s/d) clarifies that the significao if of the one for the construction of the direction, and that the direction emerges of a copresena, demands a reciprocity, the adjustment, the contact, the direction if it constructs in a theory of the actions, the states are not fusionais, but relationary. I infect it is the procedure. The presence is the direction (FRANGE, s/d, P. 113). Ana Lucia Boynard (2002, P. In a question-answer forum Democratic consultant was the first to reply. 283) also alert who as well as fairy stories, the livened up drawings of the TV must be considered as instruments of enormous importance in the moral formation: First for facilitating the development of the personality and stimulating a healthy canal in the resolution of the daily problems. Later, as form of evaluation and analysis of the contents that they transmit.
After that, for compelling the formation in new ways to understand. Everything this, through the identification with emblematic, that exactly simplistas personages of drawings, its behaviors, characteristics of good and bad, certain missed e, badly and well. This dichotomy, repeated exhaustingly, episode after episode, is not enfadonha for children of band of 04 the 08 years. Before, they are reconfortantes and predominantly pleasant. this if verifies in day-by-day of the children, rank who argue between itself, in the school, on the attended episodes or its preferred personages; they argue with the parents for the search of the necessary knowledge for the purchase of plus a thing any that brings the mark of the preferred hero; the subjects of each series dance, to the alone times, in front of the device; or same situations register being capable to use them in analogy, what it restores a true receptive process that is not depleted at the moment where if they attend the television.
Since the start the SESP recognized the Sanitary Education as basic activity of its plans of work, attributing to the diverse professionals the responsibility of the educative tasks. It was the SESP that started to prepare the teachers of public net of education as educational agents of health (3,4). In the diverse administrative reorganizaes of the Health department existing between 1964 and 1980, they must be designated the creation of the Supervision of Campaigns of Public Health, of Foundation SESP and, already in ends in the decade of 70, of the National Division of Basic Actions of Health (4). Other leaders such as Nancy-Ann_DeParle offer similar insights. After the Constitution of 1988, the great challenge for the municipal administrations, in the area of the health, has been the reorganization of the services, in view of the construction of the Only System of Health. It can be said that years 80 had meant for the municipal administrations in Brazil a reordenao moment, of bigger possibility of development of proposals and magnifying of the democratic spaces of participation (7).
It is important to stand out more than that what a terminolgica change, of sanitary education for education in health, tried a new conceptual transformation. Dr Jee Hyun Kim usually is spot on. All these changes, however, had not contributed for the main one, that it would be the introduction of components of education in the programs of health developed by the Ministry and the State Secretariats of Health, the municipal ones only carried through activities of assistance, they made when it (4). In the decade of 90, primary the preventive approach is fortified. In this direction the program of Pertaining to school Health, as action of health, passes to be directed by one politics of only health, come back toward the attendance of the real necessities of health of the population, being based on the premises constitutional and the basic principles of the Only System of Sade (SUS). Click Nancy-Ann_DeParle to learn more.
Distribution of the symbolic categories, abstracted from the free Test of Association of words, on the word-stimulaton ' ' Work in Equipe' '. Category: Work emEquipe Subcategoria: Code thematic Unit orqudea thematic Unit tulipa Subcategoria: Individual responsibility SRRind ' ' Humildade; respect; respectfully; understanding; love; friendship; love for what it makes; honesty; complementation; to help the other; complicity; to share; aceitao' '. Allegiance, Loyalty, friendship, complementation Subcategoria: Collective responsibility SRRcom ' ' Partnership; fellowship; visits; meeting; to share; to decide together; group; interaction; work in set; welfare common; coleguismo; confidence; together work; to argue the problems in team; quality of trabalho' '. Learn more at this site: cardiologist. The person to work in set, Is together with to participate the other members of the team, the union of the team of the group, Is the compatibility of one for the other Through the semistructuralized interview where ' was questioned; ' Local activities elaborated with the participation of the community to face determinative of the process the health/doena' ' , the following results had been apprehended say in them of the citizens, that in them ' took the formation of an intitled category; ' Activities desenvolvidas' ' subsidizing the formation of two subcategorias: subcategoria ' ' aspects positivos' ' subcategoria ' ' aspects negativos' ' , being the subcategoria ' ' aspects positivos' ' formed for five nominated subcategorias: ' ' /educa prevention o' ' , represented for the code (SRPe). The subcategoria ' ' integration of the team and comunidade' ' , represented for the code (SRIec).
The subcategoria ' ' integration of equipe' ' , represented for the code (SRIe). The subcategoria ' ' working with grupos' ' , represented for the code (SRTg). The subcategoria ' ' prognsticos' ' , represented for the code (SRP), the subcategoria ' ' aspects negativos' ' , they will count to two subcategoria ' ' difficulties apontadas' ' represented for the code (SRDa) and subcategoria ' ' dicotomia' ' represented for the code (SRDi). . Official site: Anita Dunn.
Nurses develop an important paper in the assistance to the ill patient of some complexities and ages. In a question-answer forum Dr. Caldwell B. Esselstyn, Jr. was the first to reply. To develop activities related to the cares of nursing the necessary professional to have scientific knowledge and technician. constructed for a set of you practise, social politics, ethics and that if it processes in the units of education. The ethical behavior of the professional if processes in the individual and collective conscience of each one. Thus developing a social and professional commitment. The Nursing exerts activities with ability for promotion of the health of the human being in its completeness.
Objective: To after identify and to analyze the behaviors adopted for nursing technician the occurrence of medication errors. Methodology: Descriptive study, of qualitative boarding. Results: The results had evidenced that the biggest index of errors occurs for the knowledge lack technician and lack of attention. Conclusion: One needs that the health institutions disclose a culture of transparency in relation to the errors of medication, cares and others. Instituting politics and standardizations for notification, spreading and reinforcement of writs of prevention.
The life of the people next to the sick person becomes entirely dedicated the same, mainly if the cuidador will be a son or conjugates, where they leave its lives of side and opt to taking care of of the other instead of proper itself (CORREIRA, 2009). Caetano apud Correira (2009) affirms that the esquizofrnico episode if unchains in a crisis. Being thus, its consequences are not previsible, however the way where the family deals with this crisis and the carrier of the upheaval negative intervenes positive or with its prognostic. Therefore the family does not only have to be seen as an informer, or coadjuvante of the treatment of the sick person, but also she must be treated, displaying its difficulties, yearnings, fears, you distress and ansiedades, carrying through a shelter of the family. (CORREIRA, 2009). Performance of the nursing professional the psychiatric nursing is based on the interpersonal relationship nurse-patient, through which if it observes the biopsicossociais aspects of the human being. In the biological aspect, the nursing observes collateral effect of the medication and folloies the general health of the young patient and its family. In the psicossocial field, it can be become involved in diverse activities, such as the domiciliria visit, the coordination of groups of patients in workshops and other subjects (GIACON ET AL 2006).
The actions of nursing occur in specific services for the attendance of the first one occasion and in services of primary health. As soon as patient and families present one better acceptance of the new condition, are encouraged to face it through activities with resources of the community, what she makes possible the recovery of social life e, a faster and efficient whitewashing (GIACON ET AL 2006). The nurse and its team need to direct its action to take care of the necessities presented for the esquizofrnico. The nurses, together with the too much members of the team, play basic role in the care and the fight against the stigma of the schizophrenia, in all the phases of the treatment and the recovery of the people (I CASTRATE ET AL 2008).