Brazilian Art

P R N S I N I S M 12.1.ORIGEM AND PARNASIANISMO IN BRAZIL: The Parnasianismo also is integrated to the Realism. It is the Brazilian poetry. It is not something Jim Crane would like to discuss. It also had origin in France in 1866 when Lemerre edits ' ' Le Parnasse Contemporain' '. In this anthology the compositions of diverse poets were congregated. The name of this workmanship it left vocbulo Parnasianismo. Thephile Gautier codifies the style, having as base ' ' art for arte' '.

The objective age to make the poem (that already it is art) with art, using for this the perfect technique. The beauty, the rhythm rhymes, it and a rich vocabulary, is part of this style. The parnasianos adopt the cold, descriptive, cientificista inspiration, using still subjects of the antiquity greco-Latin. Deuses and muses occupy space in literature again. The parnasiana poetry disdains the romantic subjetivismo, turning itself toward the reality. It traces new techniques, the poets looks for to perfect itself. Main followers in France: Thephile Gautier, Lecante de Lisle, Theodre Bauville, Charles Baudelaire, Franis Copp, Verlaine and others. In Portugal we had Tefile Braga with ' ' Vision of tempos' ' Antero de Quental with ' ' Odes Modernas' '.

In Brazil the Parnasianismo started in l882 with Tefile Days in ' ' Fanfarras' ' , but in l880 Guimares Luis Jnior publishes ' ' Sonetos and Rimas' '. Our poets go in search of new subjects and forms of poetry. The famous parnasiano trio is distinguished: Raymond leather strap, Olavo Bilac and Alberto de Oliveira. 12.2.CARACTERSTICAS OF the PARNASIANISMO: Beyond the characteristics of the Realism, he agrees to detach other typical ones of the Parnasianismo: l.Rima rich, sonorous, metric perfect, music in verses; rich 2.Vocabulrio, rare words; 3.Preocupao with the form, preference for sonetos; 4.A perfect lingustica expression; 5.Arte for the art – the art exists in function of the art and not of the moral, the Philosophy, etc.

Adventures Underground

These are the Liddell sisters. Elsie is LC (Lorina Charlotte), Tillie is Edith (its surname is Matilda), and Lacie is an anagram of Alice; the Queen of pantries is perhaps the caricature of the mother of the Liddell sisters, therefore at the time the author would not say that she was the proper Queen of England, Victory; the King of Pantries, father of the sisters; the Grifo is the blazon of weapons of the Trinity College, in Oxford; the Pretending Turtle, reference to the art critic John Ruskin who went a time per week the house of Liddell to teach drawing painting the oil to the sisters; we still have the White Rabbit, the Lizard, the Duchess and the Valete of Pantries. Alice liked the history in such a way that asked for the Carroll wrote that it. In this same night Lewis wrote all history as had counted to the Alice and its sisters. Initially, this manuscript took the name of Alice? s Adventures Underground? The adventures of Alice in the subsoil. Later, two years later, the 1864, when rereading manuscript and adding some personages, is that Alice in the country of the wonders originated, that had its first edition published in 1865. Alice and the Victorian period This chapter was developed from a reading of the Article ' ' Alice in the Country of the Wonders: A critical one to England Vitoriana' ' , of Bruna Perrella Brito. What it becomes the history of complicated Alice is that if it deals with a surrealista dream writing for English readers of century XIX, full of trocadilhos, satires, charadas, that to be understood or interpreted, if it makes necessary a return to the time. The Victorian Period, in which is inserted the author, was a period of great advances and, with this, some problems had appeared. New science reached the religion with the theory of the evolution of Darwin, according to which the man evolves from inferior forms of life.