Concern about the safety of things and careful care of them – one of the basic postulates of the "culture of laundry." Our clothes, bedding, textile household items made of different fabrics. The structure and origin material determines the conditions and care. Textile fibers, fabrics are chemical and natural. Natural textile fibers have a vegetable (cotton and flax) and animal origin (wool of various animals and silk, which is produced from the cocoons of silkworms). Linen and cotton fabrics are made from plant fibers (from a chemical point of view it – cellulose). When washing by water plant (cellulose) fibers swell as it dries, "sit down". Wool and silk – protein fibers that are of animal origin. That is why the laundry products made of natural silk and wool, in any case you can not use detergents with bio, which, by expanding the protein contamination would inevitably impair the quality of the fabric.
Tools for wool and silk should have a neutral pH level (pH). By the way, so you can erase the usual shampoo. Note that the natural silk twice stronger than wool, but also destroyed by the alkali – even the weak solution can deprive silk inherent brilliance. So do not wash wool and silk products Washing with soap and conventional powders, which, having high levels of pH, the solution creates an alkaline environment. Textile fibers may be artificial and synthetic. Artificial fibers are after chemical processing of cellulose by various reagents.
To artificial fibers include rayon, acetate yarn and other synthetic fibers are made of synthetic polymers. This group of fabrics include nylon, polyester, nylon, polypropylene, polyester, polyamide, polyacryl, etc. Many items are of mixed composition, ie, natural components added to synthetics, which enhances the natural properties of materials, making tissues more practical and durable. In addition, such materials are more amenable to detergent. In order not to spoil the fabric in the wash, be aware that cotton and linen fabrics can withstand heat up to boiling, and wool and natural silk require washing and rinsing in benign conditions – at temperatures above 40-50 C, they should not rub or wring out that the fibers do not lose strength. Synthetic fabrics should be washed at average temperature, it is best at 40 C because high temperature will lead to deformation of the fibers.