The University of Zaragoza has designed the first herramienta-cuestionario that allows a more specific diagnosis of the burnout syndrome. Test the difference up to three profiles: frenetic, without challenges and worn. The University of Zaragoza has designed the first herramienta-cuestionario that allows a more specific burnout or professional Burnout Syndrome diagnosis to differentiate up to three different profiles: frenetic, without challenges and worn. This new definition of the burnout syndrome, conducted by the research group multidisciplinary Mental Health in primary care from the Department of Psychiatry of the University of Zaragoza, formed by experts in psychology and Psychiatry, help develop therapeutic strategies more adjusted to the characteristics of each case. The burnout burnout syndrome is one of the most important damage associated with work-related stress, a term Anglo-Saxon whose most common translation is blown, worn out, exhausted and without enthusiasm to the job. Their prevalence rates ranging between 10% and 50% of workers, depending on the profession, and detected greater involvement in occupations of welfare type or services, such as health or education. The new model proposed through the clinical subtypes of Burnout (BCSQ-36) questionnaire assesses the degree of involvement or dedication to the work tasks and allows you to differentiate between three different affected profiles.
Excessive involvement the frenetic type works increasingly hard until exhaustion, looking for success at the height of the tension caused by his efforts, and is characterized by an excessive involvement, big ambitions and by the feeling of abandonment of personal life and health at work. It is related to the time spent on the work tasks and typically include subjects with split sessions, moonlighting or temporary contracts, situations that force them to become involved much more to keep the job. Without challenges make up the type without challenges workers who are insufficiently challenge, in the face of little stimulating working conditions and are characterized by their indifference, boredom and lack of personal development in the workplace. It is usually subjects who develop monotonous or repetitive tasks and affects most men, since the social expectations in the workplace are greater among males. Lack of control the type worn, linked at the time who has been working in the same company, is formed by subjects who surrender against the stress or the absence of gratification and are characterized by feelings of lack of control over the results of their work and lack of recognition of own efforts, as well as abandonment or neglect of its responsibilities.
However, the study also shows that people with family, or living in a pleasant family environment or with intermediate levels of formation, present some front protection the development of this profile. A cost of 20 billion European Agency for health and safety at work estimates that around 55 per cent of the labour casualties produced in the European Union are related to work-related stress and its annual economic cost amounts to about 20,000 million euros. The burnout has very negative consequences for the subject, causing psychosomatic as cardiorespiratory alterations, migraines, gastritis, ulcers, insomnia, dizziness or disorders such as anxiety, obsesion-compulsion, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, hostility, ideation psychopathological paranoid, alcoholism and addictions.