Characteristic of radiation, neutrinos ropeniya; ESR in uncomplicated cases is not improved. Mild cases of flu can sometimes occur without fever (afebrile form of influenza). Complications: pneumonia (10% of all patients and 65% of hospitalized influenza patients), frontal sinusitis, sinusitis, otitis, toxic myocardial damage. During the influenza epidemic diagnosis is not a hardship. In mezhepidemicheskoe time for influenza is a disease is rare (3-5% of all cases of ARI) and takes place often in the form of light and erased forms.
In these cases, influenza is difficult to distinguish from other acute respiratory infections etiology. To confirm the diagnosis of influenza virus detection is used in the material from the mouth and nose, as well as the identification of specific antibody titer rise in the study of paired sera, the first serum taken before 6th day of illness, the second after 10-14 days, a diagnostic rise in antibody titers 4 times or more. Treatment. Influenza patients being treated at home. In the hospital refer patients with severe influenza complications, with severe concomitant diseases, as well as the testimony of an epidemic (from the hostel, boarding, etc.). Left for home treatment is placed in a separate room or isolated from others through a screen. Allocate separate dishes, which boiling water is disinfected.
Individuals who care for patients, should be a four-mask of gauze. During the febrile period the patient should be in bed. We recommend heat (hot water bottles to the feet, torrential hot drink). For the prevention of bleeding complications, especially elderly people with high blood pressure, should be recommended green tea, jam, juice or chokeberry, grapefruits, as well as vitamins P (rutin, quercetin) in combination with 300 mg ascorbic acid per day. Is an effective means of influenza donor gamma-globulin, which is prescribed for severe influenza the earliest possible time (6 ml for adults, children 0.15 – 0.2 ml / kg).