Sjogren’s syndrome is an annoying but treatable condition. With effective treatment, we can have a good quality of life. 1 Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease. People with Sjogren’s syndrome have abnormal proteins in their blood indicating that the immune system is reacting against its own tissues (autoimmune reaction). Sjogren’s syndrome is also considered an inflammatory which can affect different parts of the body. 2 Sjogren’s can affect people of any age.
Symptoms usually develop between 45 and 55 years of age. Sjogren’s syndrome is much more frequent in women than in men, 9 out of 10 patients are women. 3. Although Sjogren’s syndrome can affect different parts of the body, usually Sjogren’s syndrome affects the lacrimal and salivary glands.The result of the tears and the participation of salivary gland dry eyes and dry mouth symptoms most common associated with Sjogren’s syndrome. Patients with irritation dry experience eye, burning or sensation of grit in the eye.
Dry mouth can make it difficult to swallow certain foods. Some Sjogren’s syndrome patients also experience dryness of the skin, in the vagina, the nostrils and throat. 4. The decrease of tears and saliva (dry eyes and dry mouth) can cause an increased risk of dental and eye problems. Patients suffering from dry eyes have an increased risk of infections in the eyes or around the eye infections. Dry mouth can cause cavities, gingivitis and canker sores (oral infection by homgos). It is very important for patients with Sjogren’s syndrome to perform periodic inspections with an ophthalmologist and dentist. 5. There are other complications that may be associated with Sjogren’s syndrome, even though they are considered rare. Rare complications associated with Sjogren’s syndrome include: pain, stiffness, slight swelling in the joints, even in patients who do not have rheumatoid arthritis or lupus rash on arms and legs related to vasculitis inflammation in the lungs, liver and kidneys neurological complications resulting in numbness, tingling and weakness Lymphoma in a small number of patients.