The carrier of the Syndrome of Down is a person who loads in itself a genetic problem, problem this responsible one for some characteristics natural of the syndrome, and for character of the pathology it is necessary stimulatons so that its activities are executed, and a specific accompaniment of professionals so that more can become effective and satisfactory the results gotten in its treatment. The description of the syndrome of Down and the methods used for the fisioterapia in the clinical cares with these carriers add the objectives of this work, seen the great relation of dependence of the carriers of the syndrome of Down to the professional Physiotherapist. This work is fit in a research of bibliographical compilation, that brings in its context the presentation of the syndrome of Down and performances of the fisioterapia and the benefits of these actions for the carrier of the Syndrome of Down. The bibliographical survey was to the main metodolgica base for the fact of this work, research in articles, books and periodic appraised in this seek area they had served as mirror for the conclusion of the same. The seen results are well satisfactory, where a well light improvement of the functional anatomical systems occurs, mainly the engines that seriously are affected by the genetic deficiency of the syndrome of Down. The main contributions of this work are to the importance of the biggest inclusion of the professional Physiotherapist in the accompaniment to the carrier of the syndrome of Down, which had to its great proportionate benefits, and the desmistificao of some myths that the society had regarding the carrier of the syndrome of Down. Word-key: fisioterapia, treatment, Down. INTRODUCTION the Syndrome of Down is faced by many as an illness, that demands a special treatment in the direction of a specific accompaniment so that the carrier develops its potentialities, thus having one better quality of life being this one of the main item that the professional physiotherapist searchs to apply in these children..